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Remembrance of Allah under Different Conditions

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Forms of Dkikr to Be Recited in the Morning and in the Evening

Aayat-ul-Kursiyy (Verse of the Throne) 

Al-Mu‛awwidhaat 

Bismillaahilladhee laa yadurru ma‛asmihi shay’un fil-ardi wa laa fissamaa’, wa huwassamee‛ul-‛aleem

This means: I begin with the name of Allah with whose name there can be no harm in the earth or in the heavens, and He is the All-Hearing, All- Knowing.

The Prophet (s) once mentioned that whoever recites it three times in the morning and three times in the evening, nothing will harm him at all.” (Sunan At-Tirmidhee: 3388)

Radeetu billaahi rappan, wa bil-Islaami deenan, wa bi Muhammadin sallallaahu ‛alayhi wa salaama nabiyyan

This means: I contentedly accept Allah as my Lord, Islam as my religion and Muhammad as my Prophet.

The Prophet (s) said, “There is no Muslim who says, in the morning and evening: Radeetu billaahi rappan, wa bil-Islaami deenan, wa bi Muhammadin sallallaahu ‛alayhi wa salaama nabiyyan but he will have a promise from Allah to make him pleased on the Day of Judgement.” (Musnad Ahmad: 18967)

Allahumma anta rappee laa ilaaha illaa anta. Khalaqtanee wa anaa ‛abduka. Wa anaa ‛alaa ‛ahdika wa wa‛dika mastata‛tu. A‛oodhu bika min sharri maa sana‛tu. Aboo’u laka bini‛matika ‛alayya, wa aboo’u laka bi dhanbee. Faghfir lee. Fa innahu laa yaghfirudh-dhunooba illaa anta.

This means: O Allah, You are my Lord. None has the right to be worshipped but You. You created me, and I am Your slave, and I am faithful to my covenant and my promise [to You] as much as I can. I seek refuge with You from all the evil I have done. I acknowledge before You all the blessings You have bestowed upon me, and I confess to You all my sins. So I entreat You to forgive my sins, for nobody can forgive sins except You.

The Prophet (s) said, “If somebody recites it during the day with firm faith in it and dies on the same day before the evening, he will be from the people of Paradise; and if somebody recites it at night with firm faith in it and dies before the morning, he will be from the people of Paradise.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree: 5947)

Asbahnaa wa asbahal-mulku lillaah, wal-hamdu lillaah. Laa ilaaha illalaahu, wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdul, wa huwa ‛alaa kulli shay’in qadeer. Rappi as’aluka khayra maa fee haadhal-yawmi wa khayra maa ba‛dahu. Wa a‛oodhu bika min sharri maa fee haadhal-yawmi, wa sharri maa ba‛dahu. Rappi a‛oodhu bika minal-kasali, wa soo’il-kibari. Rappi a‛oodhu bika min ‛adhaabin finnaari, wa ‛dhaabin fil-qabr.

This means: We have reached the morning and all sovereignty continues and will continue to belong to Allah, and all praise is for Allah. None has the right to be worshipped except Allah. He has no partners. To Him belongs all sovereignty and praise, and He has power over all things. My Lord, I ask You for the good that lies in this day and the good that follows it, and I take refuge in You from the evil that lies in this day and the evil that follows it. My Lord, I take refuge in You from laziness and from the evil of old age. My Lord, I take refuge in You from the torment in Hellfire and from the punishment in the grave.(Saheeh Muslim: 2723)

In the evening, the words “asbahnaa” and “asbaha” (indicting the morning time) are replaced with the words “amsaynaa” and “amsaa” (indicating the evening time), respectively. The word “yawmi” (day) is replaced with the word “laylati” (night) and “ba‛dahu” (which means “after it”, indicating the masculine gender) is replaced with ba‛dahaa (to indicate the feminine gender).

Supplications for Eating

Before Eating

“When any of you wants to eat, he should say bismillaah (I begin with the name of Allah). If he forgets to do so in the beginning, he should say Bismillaahi fee awwalihi wa aakhirih (I begin with the name of Allah at its beginning and at its end).” (Sunan At-Tirmidhee: 1858, 3264)

After Eating

“Whoever eats food and says, Al-hamdu lillaahilladhee at‛amanee haadhaa, wa razaqaneehi min ghayri hawlin minnee wa laa quwwah (Praise is to Allah who has fed me this and provided it for me without any strength or power on my part), his past sins will be forgiven.” (Sunan At-Tirmidhee: 3458; Sunan Abu Daawood: 4023)

Supplications at Home

Upon Entering One’s Home

“If a man enters his house, he should say, ‘Allaahummaa innee as’aluka khayra-l-mawlaji. wa khayra-l-makhraji. Bismillaahi walajnaa, wa bismillaahi kharajnaa. Wa ‛alallaahi rappinaa tawakkanaa (O Allah, I ask You for the good of entering and when going out. We enter with the name of Allah, we leave with the name of Allah, and in Allah, our Lord, we trust.)’ He should then greet his family by saying “As-Salamu ‛alaykum” to them.” (Sunan Abu Daawood: 5096)

Upon Leaving One’s Home

Bismillaah. Tawakkaltu ‛alallaah. Wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah. Allaahumma innee a‛oodhu bika an adilla aw udalla, aw azilla aw uzalla, aw adhlima aw udhlama, aw ajhala aw yujhala ‛alayya. (I begin with the name of Allah. I trust in Allah. There is neither might nor power except with Allah. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from straying or being led stray, from falling into error or led to fall into it, from doing injustice or suffer injustice, and from wronging others or being wronged.) (Sunan Abu Daawood: 5094, 5095)

Supplications Relating to Sleeping

Upon Waking up

Al-hamdu lillaahil-ladhee ahyaanaa ba‛da maa amaatanaa wa ilayhinnushoor (Praise is to Allah Who has given us life after having caused us to die, and to whom is the return after death) (Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree: 6953; Saheeh Muslim: 2711)

Supplications Relating to the Adhaan and the Mosque

It is recommended, upon hearing each statement of the adhaan, to repeat after the mu’adh-dhin (the caller to prayer) and say exactly as he says, except when he says Hayya ‛alassalaah “Come to prayer” and Hayya ‛alal-falaah “Come to success”, in which case we say: Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah. This means: There is neither might nor power except with Allah.

After the adhaan is completed, we recite the following supplication: Allaahumma rabba haadhih-id-da‛wat-it-taammati, wassalaat-il-qaa’imati, aati Muhammadan-il-waseelata wal-fadeelata, wab‛athu maqaaman mahmoodan-illadhee wa‛adtah (O Allah, Lord of this perfect call and this established prayer, grant Muhammad the intercession and favour, and raise him to the Praiseworthy Station which You have promised him.) The Prophet (s) gives the good news to those who do so that they will be granted his intercession on the Day of Judgement. (Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree: 589)

Upon Entering and Leaving the Mosque

Bismillaah, wassalaatu wassalaamu ‛alaa rasoolillaah. Allaahummaghfrir lee dhunoobee, waftah lee abwaaba rahmatik (I begin with the name of Allah, and may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon Allah’s Messenger. O Allah, forgive my sins and open the gates of Your mercy for me.)

Upon leaving the mosque, we say, “Bismillaah, wassalaatu wassalaamu ‛alaa rasoolillaah. Allaahummaftah lee abwaaba fadlik (I begin with the name of Allah, and may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon Allah’s Messenger. O Allah, forgive my sins and open the gates of Your blessings for me.)

After the Obligatory Prayers

Astaghfirullaah (I ask Allah for forgiveness). This is to be recited three times.

Allaahumma antas-Salaam, wa mink-as-Salaam, tabaarakta yaa dhal-jalaali wal-ikraam (O Allah, You are Peace and from You comes peace. Blessed are You, Owner of might and honour). (Saheeh Muslim: 591)

Then we say: Subhaanallaah (Glory be to Allah) 33 times, Al-hamdu lillaah (Praise be to Allah) 33 times and Allaahu akbar (Allah is the Greatest) 33 times. We complete the total of one hundred by saying: Laa ilaaha illallaahu, wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdul, wa huwa ‛alaa kulli shay’in qadeer (There is no god worthy of worship but Allah; He has no partners; the kingdom and praise belong to Him, and He has power over everything.) (Saheeh Muslim: 597)

The Prophet (s) gives good news to those who recite this that their sins will be forgiven even if they are like the foam of the sea. (Saheeh Muslim: 597)

Reciting Aayat-ul-Kursiyy (Verse of the Throne: Soorat Al-Baqarah:255) 

Reciting Al-Mu‛awwidhaat 

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